My Evolving Opinions About Doctors’ Working Hours

I started working on this post two days ago. Since then, I have received news of a colleague who died in an accident while driving post-call. She went to my alma mater and graduated last year, and though I did not know her personally, my heart breaks. A country with a shortage of doctors has lost a young doctor who was just starting in her career. She was well-loved, and we will all feel her absence.


 * * *

I’ve always had strong opinions about the working hours of doctors. For one, the number of hours we work, which is simply not conducive to a healthy life outside of work. But more importantly, the amount of CONSECUTIVE hours – such as our 24+ hour shifts, which gives rise to exhaustion so bad you might as well be drunk. (This sentence feels crude in light of the news we received. But I’m keeping it, because it is accurate.)

I hate how I second-guess my medical judgment when I’ve been working more than eighteen hours. I hate driving home tired and being afraid that I’ll fall asleep; shouting at the little voice that says, “but surely just closing your eyes for a second”… I hate how working a long shift means I essentially lose the entire following day to catching up on sleep (and everyone knows it can never really be caught up on).

A few things have altered the way I look at this matter recently. Not drastically, but it has had a maturing effect.

First things first: The addition of our overtime-pay REALLY helps. Life is expensive, and South Africa’s constant economic turmoil is not helping. The fact that overtime pays what it pays (a third of my monthly income) is part of the reason I am making a major dent in my student debt and able to put away some savings. I don’t know if all the crap I have to deal with would be worth it without that. Honestly, if you told me now that I didn’t have to do overtime but I would forfeit that income… I don’t know if I would accept it.

In Family Medicine, we did not do 24-hour calls. We did twelve-hour shifts as the first-contact physician in casualty. It’s a high-intensity shift and it only makes sense to do twelve-hour shifts because the patients simply do not stop coming. But it means you are on call a LOT more. We were often on call a Friday night and a Sunday day, or a Saturday day and Sunday night. It kind of sucked (the life out of our weekends).

You would think it would be wonderful not being on duty for such long hours, but the frequent calls were quite horrible as well, and possibly equally draining.

The other problem was that, where other interns have a single handover per day, the casualty officers have two handovers. These handovers, as anyone can attest to, are when the potential for error is greatest. (But is that potential greater than the potential for error in a tired doctor? I don’t know.)

In Anaesthetics we had enough staff to prevent an entire 24-hour shift. The doctor on call in the evening would work during the day from 08h00 to 12h00, and would then get four hours off to sleep and prepare. They would then be on duty again from 16h00 to 08h00 the next morning. And they would leave promptly at 08h00, unlike most of our other rotations where our “post-call” often only starts at 12h00.

Here’s another nasty little bit of information: very few senior medical doctors work the kind of hours an intern works. An intern who works a twenty-four hour shift is likely to be awake all or most of those hours. In most rotations (anaesthesia and paediatrics possibly being two of the few exceptions), the Medical Officer comes into play when the intern has trouble – with a difficult case or an overflow of patients.

The consultant (American attending) comes in even less often, if at all. A surgical consultant may be called in to take the lead on a tricky surgery, but most other consultants get away with giving telephonic advice, if at all.

But they all get paid for the “overtime”. And, understandably, they all like being paid the overtime.

This is why the guys who could theoretically apply pressure for reform – the big guys, the heads of department – won’t. Because they are not the ones stumbling home in a stupor of exhaustion and caffeine, but they still benefit financially.

So the way I look at our conundrum has evolved. I am no longer baffled by the fact that our twenty-four hour calls still exist. I understand it now.

I still think it is ridiculous.

 * * *

At the moment I do think that the only viable solution would be a “night float” system as in the USA, but I know that the system also has so many critics; and that I couldn’t possible understand all the nitty-gritty thereof until I’ve experienced it myself.

I still don’t know to do, but the situation continues to make me feel expendable.



  1. I’m very sorry to hear about your colleague.

    I know this is a debate in other countries as well — the UK, for example. I remember a few years ago there being some discussion about it here, too. I think there is some idea that interns should have to have a ‘baptism of fire’ and that older people in the medical profession believe that if they had to go through it, then so should young doctors these days. The trouble is, that when you’re tired, you don’t make good decisions and mistakes get made… even if you think you’re doing fine.

    The other night Fourth Offspring had an earache and kept me up past my bedtime and then woke me again a couple of times in the very early morning. I was such a wreck the next day, and I was thinking, how soft am I, now? I used to be able to get four or five hours of sleep when they were a lot younger, and function fine! But when I look back on it, I was really running on fumes and I wasn’t fine. Sleep deprivation is an awful thing. Getting enough sleep really should be a human right. And the pay helps, but it doesn’t make you less tired. (Not that I think you shouldn’t be paid! Just that it’s sometimes used as a means of excusing your long hours.)

    1. barefootmegz says:

      Wow, thank you. You’ve put it very well! The Baptism of Fire mindset is real. And it’s actually such an inaccurate way to think, because the truth is that the older doctors did not have the huge patient load that we do. They also didn’t have the HIV and TB load to work with.
      Thank you for your support ❤

  2. So sorry to hear about your colleague.

    I have to much respect for doctors and nurses and the working conditions they face. I got chatting to a neurosurgeon on a recent trip and she was a super person, but she was saying that she had such long days and had recently been sleeping an hour a day. I was like, that’s awful! How can you possibly perform optimally on that little sleep!

    Reform is needed, but you are doing an amazing job!

    Sending you all love and positive vibes xxx

    1. barefootmegz says:

      An hour a day!!! I would not want someone working on my brain with that amount of sleep!!
      Thank you for your support, always.

  3. zed says:

    Sorry about your colleague.
    Our system for on calls are about to change. Government is imposing a contract which will see us working the same amount of bad hours with worse pay. And as crude as it sounds, why would you want to work the same unsociable hours for less pay?
    Hope the situation gets better for all of us. Good luck!

    1. barefootmegz says:

      This is why fewer people are interested in becoming doctors… it’s horrible. Thank you for sharing your situation!

  4. Robyn says:

    Same thing here in Jamaica. Most of the people fighting against a shift system are senior doctors who actually get to sleep the nights they are on call. It is the interns who bear the brunt of patient contact and also the brunt of late night/early morning working hours. Luckily for us, most interns are housed at the hospital they work at so there’s less chance of terrible accidents like the one you mentioned. But still, there needs to be some way to balance appropriate remuneration with healthier working hours.

    1. barefootmegz says:

      Thanks for sharing! The more I read your blog and your comments the more I realise how many similarities we have. Our government recently tried passing a sign-in-sign-out system for after-hours work and all the senior doctors blocked the idea because they knew they would suffer that way. For junior doctors it wouldn’t have made a difference because we would have been there either way.

  5. ackeldatter says:

    I am very sorry about your colleague Mariechen, devastating news. I have no idea of a better way, but there must be one. There simply must.


    1. barefootmegz says:

      Thank you Nancy ❤ ❤

  6. How do we change this Megz 😱😱 Why is it OK for people to be worked into the ground like that? I feel soooo exhausted after just 15 hours of working , I can’t imagine adding another 15-21 hours onto that 😢😢.

    1. barefootmegz says:

      Oh Lil. I don’t know. Constitutionally we aren’t allowed to down tools. Students have the right to protest but they don’t have that much power. I don’t know what to do. Being a doctor in this country is becoming increasingly unbearable.

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